HomeFrequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

 

  1. How is resilience defined by the Somalia Joint Resilience Strategy?
  2. Why is resilience important in Somalia?
  3. What is the agenda to advance and operationalise the Somalia Joint Resilience Strategy?
  4. What are the building blocks of the strategy?
  5. What are the 5 pilot districts and why were they chosen?
  6. How are beneficiaries consulted?
  7. How is gender taken into account?
  8. Who are the donors?
  9. Who are the field partners?
  10. Where can I find documentation on the Joint Resilience Strategy?

 

How is resilience defined by the Somalia Joint Resilience Strategy?

 

Resilience is defined as the ability to anticipate, resist, absorb and recover, in a timely and efficient manner, from shocks and crises in ways that preserve integrity and do not deepen vulnerability. This includes the ability to withstand threats and the ability to adapt if needed to new options in the face of various crises.

 

For further information, kindly refer to our Background Documents section.

 

Why is resilience important in Somalia?

 

The people of Somalia are remarkably resilient, especially given the multiple and protracted challenges that have marked the country over time. Resilience is grounded in determination, entrepreneurship, mobility and communities of solidarity and generosity that span from the local to the international. More than other societies, given the inadequacies in public and formal support systems, Somalis must be resilient to protect their lives and livelihoods. Over the past 10 years, Somalia has experienced several shocks including, but not limited to, drought, cyclones, tsunamis, famine and conflict. As witnessed in the famine of 2011, some threats can overwhelm the resilience of the poorest or most marginalised, leading to intolerable outcomes, including destitution, displacement, hunger, fear, despair, illness, death and the breakdown of families and communities. One minister neatly summarises these threats as “war, weather, weak governance and the economy”. With this in mind, there is little question that building resilient communities in Somalia is a priority.

 

In the Joint Strategy the concept of ‘enhancing resilience’ refers to the concerted actions to help communities sustainably cope with crises on the basis of principally household and community-based initiatives to improve food and livelihood security, safety, nutrition, income generation, education, health and access to key services. There is also a focus on better linking humanitarian and development programming to sustainably address interrelated risks and stresses.

 

For further information, kindly refer to our Background Documents section.

 

What is the agenda to advance and operationalise the Somalia Joint Resilience Strategy?

 

The agenda to advance and operationalise the Joint Strategy is as follows:

 

  1. Joint Strategy: The overarching framework and guiding principles for the three agencies and their partners to operate under the Joint Resilience Strategy.
  2. Common Results Framework: The goals, impact statements, outcomes, outputs and main activities to be undertaken to jointly enhance resilience.
  3. Joint Area-Based Planning of Interventions: Identification, planning and coordination of resilience-building interventions.
  4. Improved Information, Monitoring and Evaluation of Local Resilience and Vulnerability: The engagement of the three agencies to improve the quality, scope and coordination of resilience and vulnerability assessments, as well as monitoring and evaluation.
  5. Joint Advocacy: The continuous pursuit of additional complementarity and support through partners, existing coordination mechanisms (e.g. clusters), and relevant authorities in Somalia.

 

For further information on the agenda to advance and operationalise the joint strategy, kindly refer to the Operational Guidance Notes document in our Background Documents section.

 

What are the building blocks of the strategy?

 

The building blocks of the strategy are the following three pillars for resilience:

 

  1. Strengthen productive sectors – For vulnerable working households, this includes (i) deepening and improving access to physical asset bases, (ii) generating increased output with fewer inputs through enhanced technologies, (iii) improving access to decent employment, (iv) expanding access and (v) improving function of market systems and market information.
  2. Basic services to protect human capital– For at risk individuals and households, this focuses on systems and services that enhance people’s resilience, including good health, nutrition, education, safety and adequate skills.
  3. Promote safety nets for a minimum of social protection– This entails moving beyond the cycles of short-term humanitarian aid to approaches that build resilience by providing a predictable level of assistance to those suffering from long-term destitution, as well as for households that are seasonally at risk on a recurring basis.

 

All three pillars are important for enhancing and protecting the resources on which people draw on to anticipate, accommodate, adjust and recover from shocks.  The focus of the Joint Resilience Strategy is on key livelihood strategies which includes, but is not limited to, wage labourers, micro and small enterprise owners, farmers, pastoralists, agro-pastoralists and fishing communities.

 

For further information on the pillars of the Joint Resilience Strategy, kindly refer to the Somalia: A Resilience Strategy document in our Background Documents section.

 

What are the 5 pilot districts and why were they chosen?

 

The partner agencies have agreed on the following five initial districts for coordinated programming implementation and joint resilience analysis, with the aim of significantly scaling-up the approach over the next three years and beyond. While these five districts do not capture all of the resilience programming in Somalia for the partner agencies, they are the locations chosen for the initial phase of the Joint Resilience Strategy.

  • Doolow (Gedo region)
  • Bossaso (Bari region)
  • Iskushuban (Bari region)
  • Burco (Togdheer region)
  • Owdweyne (Togdheer region)

 

The five districts represent a variety of livelihood zones, including pastoralist, agropastoralist, riverine, coastal and urban, as well as internally displaced persons (IDPs). This livelihood variety allows the partner agencies to identify opportunities for varying modalities of engagement. These districts were also selected based on access by the agencies to ensure an intensive level of community engagement, existing agency-specific activities and a long-term trend analysis of the food security and nutrition situation.

 

In order to ensure a well structure process for field implementation of the resilience strategy, area or zonal offices will be responsible for the rolling out of programmes through a coordinated approach. To facilitate this process a lead agency has been identified for each resilience focus area:

  • North West: UNICEF
  • North East: WFP
  • South Central: FAO

 

For further information, kindly refer to our Background Documents section.

 

How are beneficiaries consulted?

 

Community participation in resilience programming begins with the identification of proposed interventions and should continue throughout the implementation of the programmes. The involvement of and support to existing leadership structures, as well community groups and committees, in programme management is crucial in ensuring a meaningful impact of resilience initiatives.  It is with this in mind that community participation in resilience programming begins with community consultations and action planning, and is complemented by seasonal programming consultations.

 

Community Consultations and Action Planning are targeted community based processes that involve a broad and representative group of community members, are performed in the targeted community and seek to identify community level priorities for resilience programming. Seasonal Programming Consultations target a smaller group of community representatives from various communities, are carried out in a central location and seek a broader view of challenges and opportunities facing different livelihood groups in a defined geographical area.

 

For further information on the consultation process of beneficiaries, kindly refer to the Operational Guidance Notes document in our Background Documents section.

 

How is gender taken into account?

 

All UN entities are responsible for integrating gender equality in their programming activities. For the Joint Resilience Strategy, gender is initially taken into account during the community consultations through gender-sensitive consultations and programming. Although Somali men and women have unequal access to production inputs and technology, both men and women have clear and mutually supportive responsibilities in the productive sphere. Men and women also experience vulnerabilities differently, and resort to distinct coping strategies. For this reason, "engendering" the interventions is crucial. In order to reflect how gender plays a role in resilience, during the community consultation process an additional consultation is held which separates men and women.  This separate consultation allows for resilience information to be gathered in a gender specific environment.

 

Who are the donors?

 

Kindly refer to the Donors section of this information portal.

 

Who are the field partners?

 

Each agency follows its own procedures for soliciting proposals and contracting NGO partners. The partner agencies use different NGO partners, and in some cases private sector service providers, to implement activities. In addition to their normal obligations as an implementing partner, NGO partners work to support the principles of resilience programming by ensuring a deeper engagement at the community level to ensure inclusive participation.

 

Where can I find documentation on the Joint Resilience Strategy?

 

All Joint Resilience Strategy documentation is located in the Library section of this information portal.


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